1996 Award Winners
Hall of Fame
Richard Dehmel, Ph.D. (1904-1992), Curtiss-Wright Corp., Caldwell
Richard Dehmel, inventor of the Dehmel Flight Trainer/Simulator, was granted U.S. patent No. 2,494,508 for "Means for Aircraft Flight Training" on Jan. 10, 1950. The invention was the first to solve the equations of flight and have the controls and instruments of the trainer respond as an accurate equivalent of a real airplane.
The trainer/simulator dramatically reduced the cost, time and risk to train aircraft crews. It also allowed a significantly higher level of training in "extraordinary situations." For example, Pan American World Airways trained 125 flight crews, plus 46 British Overseas Airways and 85 military transport crews during 13,000 hours of simulator time. The simulator enabled Pan Am to reduce crew training costs by 60 percent and in-flight training time from 21 to eight hours per crew.
Dehmel spent much time building a multi-talented team to accelerate the design and production of this critical tool for use during the latter half of World War II.
Dehmel earned master?s and doctorate degrees from Columbia University after earning a mechanical engineering degree from the University of California. He was a 1991 inductee into the Aviation Hall of Fame of New Jersey.
Harry F. Olson, Ph.D. (1901-1982)
RCA Laboratories, Camden and Princeton, N.J.
Harry F. Olson, Ph.D. is recognized as a pioneer and leading authority in acoustics and electronic sound recording.
One of Olson's early projects was the velocity microphone, the first microphone with uniform directivity, which became the standard for broadcasting use. He later pioneered several other directional types of microphones, including the unidirectional types used in television broadcasting and sound motion picture filming.
During World War II, he developed underwater sound equipment, anti-noise microphones, and high powered announcing systems. He also made pioneering contributions to loudspeaker development, including the development and improvement of phonograph pickup and disc recording equipment, sound motion picture and development of electronic noise reducers, stereophonic sound systems, magnetic tape recorders for sound and television, the electronic music synthesizer, and an experimental voice-activated phonetic typewriter.
Olson held over 100 U.S. patents on devices and systems in the acoustical field and was the author of more than 130 articles and professional papers. His books, Acoustical Engineering and Dynamical Analogies, have long been standard reference texts around the world. Several of his inventions are in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1959. Olson earned bachelor?s and doctorate degrees from the University of Iowa.
Les Paul, Gibson Guitar Company, Kalamazoo, Michigan
Les Paul, a musician and electronics wizard, revolutionized the sound of American popular music. Working out of his home in Mahwah, Paul helped develop the solid-body electric guitar and the world's first multiple track tape recorder in the early 1950s.
Paul's electric guitar prototype, known as "the log," was built in the 1940s on a piece of 4-by-4 lumber with the strings anchored on a door hinge. Audiences rejected the original version, resulting in the addition of a solid body shaped like a guitar. Gibson Guitar began marketing the Les Paul electric guitar in 1952, putting the guitar at the center of popular music performance and profoundly influencing the rock-and-roll and rhythm-and -blues revolution of the 1950s and 1960s. The Les Paul guitar became and remains the instrument of preference for many top ranking guitarists in pop, rock, jazz, blues and country music.
In the 1930s, Paul began experimenting with recording sound which led to the development of the "sound on sound" recording technique during which performances were built layer-by-layer by "bouncing" the sound between two recording devices. His equipment used records at first, but later versions used recording tape.
In the 1950's, Paul pioneered the multi-recording machine which revolutionized music recording techniques by allowing each instrument or vocal part its own track on a tape, independent of the other tracks. He is widely considered the inventor of the first 8-track tape recorder.
Paul was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988 for his contributions "both as an entertainer and inventor." His inventions were sought after by the Smithsonian Institution which now possesses about four dozen of his guitars and other memorabilia.
Arnold J. (Red) Morway (1906-1985), Exxon Research and Engineering, Florham Park
With 293 U.S. patents and numerous foreign patents to his credit, Morway is the most prolific of all inventors at Exxon Research and Engineering. He is, however, best known for a product he never patented, "Eisenhower grease," which was developed to waterproof U.S. military trucks, tanks and other equipment during World War II. This grease proved invaluable during the Allied invasions of Sicily, Anzio and Normandy and is regarded as a significant technical contribution in support of America's war effort.
His patented greases were used to lubricate a wide variety of motors and heavy industrial equipment, automobiles, trucks, ships and aircraft enabling Exxon to secure a strong market share and to maintain a strong commercial position in this highly competitive field.
His initial patent was granted in 1936 for the discovery which resulted in the development of more than 50 products. In 1938, he invented some of the first premium quality anti-friction bearing greases for high temperature use and thereafter invented the first commercially produced lithium-based aviation greases during World War II. In 1953, Morway invented the first extreme-pressure calcium acetate multi-purpose greases for industry and automotive use.
Charles Frederick Wallace (1885-1964), Wallace & Tiernan, Inc., Belleville
In 1913, when nearly 30,000 Americans were dying each year from typhoid fever as a consequence of drinking contaminated water, Charles Wallace invented the "chlorinator" which provided the first practical and effective means for the controlled feeding of chlorine gas to sterilize drinking water. The accomplishment was heralded as a major advancement in the field of public health. Wallace?s device could automatically pipe a thimble or so of chlorine gas into 1 million parts of water.
The device was first used at the Boonton reservoir that served as the water supply for Jersey City. At the time, pollution from a small stream was threatening the water supply. Martin F. Tiernan, Wallace?s partner, convinced Jersey City?s water department that the chlorinator could solve their pollution problems for only $150. The device was installed in a blacksmith?s shop near the reservoir, but a gas leak turned the blacksmith?s tools green and he threw the device into the reservoir. After fishing the device out of the water, it was hooked up again and worked properly.
Wallace's first invention was so successful that within a few years the Wallace & Tiernan device was being used to purify half the world's drinking water supply. In addition to the chlorinator, Wallace held 80 patents for devices such as pressure-sensitive instruments, telemetering systems, and timing devices used in marine beacons, foghorns and other aids to navigation.
In 1940, Wallace received the Modern Pioneer Award of the National Association of Manufacturers. Born in Kansas City, Mo., he attended the University of Michigan in 1906, and in 1922. In 1922, Wallace and Tiernan were jointly awarded the Franklin Institute?s Edward Longstreth Medal for their chlorinator invention.
N. Joseph Woodland, P.E., Ventnor
Woodland invented the bar code and bar code reader in 1949 while self employed. Colleague Bernard Silver assisted Woodland with preparing and filing the patent application for Classifying Apparatus and Method, which was granted in October 1952.
Woodland then selected IBM as the company most likely to pursue the exploitation of automated checkout in supermarkets. From 1971 to 1982, Woodland was responsible for developing IBM's UPC proposal and selling it to the grocery industry.
In 1993, he received the National Medal of Technology from President George Bush for his invention and contribution to the commercialization of bar code technology which improved productivity in every industrial sector and gave rise to the bar code industry.
In 1993, he received the National Medal of Technology from President George Bush for his invention and contribution to the commercialization of bar code technology which improved productivity in every industrial sector and gave rise to the bar code industry. During World War II, Woodland was recruited for the U.S. Army's Manhattan Project in Oak Ridge, Tenn., where he served as a technical aide to the Corps of Engineers unit chief for the project in which uranium isotopes were separated through liquid thermal diffusion. His responsibilities included project historian. He contributed material to Atomic Energy for Military Purposes, the official report on the development of the atomic bomb.
Woodland earned bachelor?s degree and master?s degrees in mechanical engineering from Drexel University and Syracuse University respectively.
Inventors of the Year
Leslie R. Avery, David Sarnoff Research Center, Princeton
Electro-static discharge (ESD) has become increasingly a problem as more and more consumer appliances are built with integrated circuits. When television set manufacturers substituted transistors for tubes, consumers reported that children running across the rug and grabbing the channel dial could cause blown circuits from the ESD given off by the human body. Depending on the level of discharge, entire circuits were blown.
Avery devised a very innovative and neat solution, designing the ESD protection into the IC circuit itself. The process involves embedding the ESD protection into the IC chip during the fabrication process and for diffusing the effect of voltage spikes, this protecting the circuit.
The circuit design is now used in television sets manufacturing by RCA/Thomson and by Sharp. It is also used in chips manufactured by a leading IC supplier to major auto industry companies.
Avery is recognized worldwide as a leading industry expert in Electro-Static Discharge (ESD) protection for integrated circuits and Electrical OverStress (EOS). He is recognized by the most respected members of the Sarnoff technical community as a preferred source of practical solutions to difficult IC design problems covering a range from power supplies to microwave. He has made Sarnoff a world-leading developer and supplier of ESD protection for integrated circuits.
In 1985, Avery was the recipient of the prestigious David Sarnoff Award for Outstanding Technical Achievement for "world-leading achievements and technical leadership in the fields of electrostatic charge protection and novel integrated circuit designs."
A Flemington resident, Avery earned a bachelor?s degree in electrical engineering from Kingston Polytechnical Institute in Surrey England. He holds 21 U.S. patents and is the author of more than 40 technical papers.
Gilbert Buchalter, Pharmaceutical Innovations, Inc., Newark
Buchalter developed exclusive lines of electromedical conductive gels for worldwide distribution under his brand and private labels for use in electrocardiography, transcutaneous electroneurostimulation, electromyography, massage, and diagnostic and therapeutic ultrasound. Pharmaceutical Innovations, founded in 1971 by Buchalter, is the leading manufacturer of conductive gels marketed in bulk for O.E.M. manufacture of pre-gelled electrodes for monitoring, stimulation and electrosurgery ground pads.
The company's "Cardiac Defibrillator Cups" is method of pre-gelling cardiac defibrillator paddles, which saves 15 to 30 seconds of time, often the difference between life and death. After the heart stops, irreversible brain damage occurs within minutes. This invention enables small self-adhering plastic cups filled with gel to be attached to the paddles prior to use. When the cup is squeezed, the gel is dispersed over the surface of the paddle.
Another product, "Spraytode" increases the accuracy of electrocardiograph recording. This permits a more accurate reading than a cream or gel because it only permits electrical conduction from directly below the electrode by filtering out sideways currents, something which a cream or gel cannot do.
Other Buchalter inventions include a hypo-allergenic skin cream, an anti-foaming hydrotherapy additive, a massage and ultrasound gel, and a pH-balanced and bacteriostatic gel for delicate body tissue. In addition, he is the developer of Lean on Me, a cane tip with a circular pivoting base that provides greater stability on both wet and dry surfaces. In all, he holds more than a dozen patents in chemical, medical and mechanical fields in the U.S., Canada, England, France and Japan.
Buchalter earned bachelor?s and master?s degrees in Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration from Long Island University. He lives in Millburn.
Lanny S. Smoot, Bellcore, Morristown
Smoot is credited with the invention and prototyping of the electronic panning camera for multi-user interactive applications and large screen teleconferencing. The panning camera allows networked subscribers unprecedented control over their individual views of remote sites. Large screen teleconferencing gives participants the feeling of direct intimacy and reality -- namely that other parties are actually just sitting across the table and not miles away.
Smoot currently holds joint management responsibilities in applied research at Bellcore. He is the executive director of the Information Networking Applications Research Department. He is responsible for research on leading-edge, networked, multimedia applications such as a desk-top teleconferencing system, video-on-demand research and prototyping, large-screen teleconferencing, signal processing, speech synthesis and other projects. He is also executive director of Bellcore's Collaboratory on Information Infrastructure, where he has responsibility for generating external funding.
Smoot currently holds 21 U.S. patents. He earned a bachelor?s and master?s degrees in electrical engineering from Columbia University and was a Bell Labs Engineering Scholar.
Dominik M. Wiktor, Bellcore, Morristown
An electrical engineer, Wiktor underwent open heart surgery to correct an aortic dissection in 1984. Following the procedure, he wondered why such a vascular repair couldn't be done with less surgical trauma, and began to read about angioplasty. He came up with a variety of stent designs and signed a consulting agreement with Medtronic in 1988.
The "Wiktor Stent," an intravascular stent (U.S. patent No. 4,886,062) provides an important solution to coronary artery reconstruction and recanalization. The stent keeps a diseased vessel open and prevents reclosure. Made of tantalum, a noncorrosive and malleable metal which is easily seen by the cardiologist during fluoroscopy, the stent is extremely easy to handle, deliver and deploy, which is of the utmost importance in emergency and routine situations.
In the case of the Wiktor Stent, the delivering catheter is inflated to expand and deploy the stent to maintain the opening. The balloon is then deflated and the catheter removed. Within a month, the stent becomes incorporated into the artery wall. Today, Medtronics? Wiktor stent has a 20 percent market share in Europe.
Wiktor is a resident of Cranford.
Barbara Derkoski, BeeTee Enterprises, Tuckerton, N.J.
Barbara Derkoski's first invention is a winner: the "Sand-Grabber," a beach umbrella tip easily inserted into the sand and providing a high margin of security from fly-away umbrellas. The "Sand-Grabber" keeps the umbrella anchored in windy conditions of up to 30 knots and offers ease of use, and safety and security from fly-away umbrellas, which can be very dangerous to beach-goers. The patented design is being distributed to many of the top household and supermarket chains.
Derkoski, a graduate of Newark's West Side High School, is a former designer, owner, operator and manufacturer of bridal millinery fashions at "Lady Barbara Designs" in Manahawkin. Today, she is founder and president of BeeTee Enterprises.
Otto Niederer (1890-1978), Otto Niederer Sons, Inc., Titusville & Pennington
Otto Niederer, an émigré to the United States from Switzerland in 1910, is responsible for the first practical and commercially successful invention of automatic egg candling (revealing shell cracks or blood spots) and grading equipment. He established a dairy farm in what is now Washington Crossing State Park in 1915, but a series of misfortunes in the late 1930s caused him to lose the farm.
Undaunted by hardship, Niederer and his four sons endeavored full time to perfect the egg machine, which they had already prototyped. By 1939, they came up with a machine that could weigh and candle 3,600 eggs per hour, a phenomenal speed at the time.
The basic technology is still in use today. Eggs roll along a metal track, first rotating over a candling lamp, then passing over a series of loop scales - metal loops connected to weights of decreasing value. If the egg is heavy enough, it tips the first scale and falls into the jumbo grade. If not, it moves onto the next lighter scale, and so on. Niederer's machine became known as the "Egomatic," but during World War II, it became "Rivomatic," used as equipment to sort aluminum rivets swept from factory floors.
After the war, government contracts brought prosperity for the "Egomatic." Otto Niederer Sons Inc., developed bigger, more efficient egg machines that not only candled and sorted eggs, but cleaned, counted and packed them. The company folded in 1987 due to large-scale competitors using computer-automated technology.
National Starch and Chemical Company, Bridgewater
Since its founding in 1895, National Starch and Chemical Company. has become a world leader in specialty chemicals largely due to the advancements it has made along dual research tracks in natural and synthetic polymer chemistry. The company's expertise lies in manipulating polymers derived from natural sources such as corn and tapioca starches and synthetic compounds cracked from petroleum. National Starch has earned more than 1,000 U.S. patents and adds 35 patents on average each year.
In National Starch's three principal product lines - adhesives, resins and starches - decades of research and development effort have resulted in thousands of novel chemicals that improve performance of products, increase line speeds, and reduce processing costs, wastes and rejects. National Starch's inventions are used in myriad ways from packaging to electronics, from food products to hair gels, from paper production to woodworking and from diapers to automobiles.
Early on, National Starch research focused on replacing commodity starches and glues with high performance products formulated for specific applications. COL-FLO® food starches, first introduced in 1960, replaced commodity starches with a high-performance specialty that made new types of food fillings, gravies and sauces available commercially.
National Starch was also the first to create hot melt adhesives, an invention that radically altered many packaging and converting processes and created new ways to bind books. The CATO® line of cationic starches, patented in 1957, makes paper manufacturing less resource intensive and less expensive by substituting high-performance starches for more expensive fillers.
More recently, National Starch?s COOL-LOK® hot melt products are revolutionizing hot melt technology by significantly reducing or eliminating ozone harming solvents and reducing the required melting temperature by 100 degrees.
ECO-FOAM® starch technology has resulted in an environmentally friendly replacement for polystyrene. First applied in the packaging industry as a replacement for polystyrene packaging peanuts, the product is being used in locking and bracing applications and as packaging wrap inside of cartons. ECO-FOAM® is more than 95 percent corn starch and dissolves when moistened.
National Starch?s N-LITE® fat mimetics offers the food processing industry starches that replace or eliminate fat but maintain the texture, flavor or appearance of low- or no-fat foods. NOVELOSE® resistant starch has led to food starches that actually boost the fiber content of some food.