1989 INAUGURAL MEMBERS - HALL OF FAME
Seth Boyden - Newark
Seth Boyden invented the processes for making patent leather and malleable iron. He developed the hat-forming machine, the forerunner of the American Process furnace grate bar, and the inexpensive process for manufacturing sheet iron. He also originated machines for manufacturing nails and cutting files.
Thomas A. Edison - Menlo Park, Newark, West Orange
The Wizard of Menlo Park and the symbol of invention everywhere, he invented the incandescent lamp, electric power distribution system, phonograph, kinetograph (motion picture camera), carbon button transmitter, electric pen (mimeograph), multiple telegraphy, automatic telegraphy, fluoroscope, improved storage battery, and electric vote recorder.
Albert Einstein - Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton
Albert Einstein receives special recognition for his contribution to the spirit of invention: the theoretical work which has laid the foundation for many of the inventions of the twentieth century. Among his theories and discoveries: the theory of relativity, law of photoelectric effect, gas theory, derivation of Planck's radiation law, law of photochemical reactions, theory of related heats. His exploration of the principles of the process of stimulated emission of radiation led to the development of the first laser. Einstein also held patents for a noiseless household refrigerator, hearing aid, and camera.
Calvin MacCracken - Calmac Manufacturing Corporation, Englewood
Calvin MacCracken holds more than 80 patents in the fields of energy, heating, cooling, health care, and food processing. His main interest is cost effective, environmentally sound energy storage systems. He is the author of "A Handbook for Inventors: How to Protect, Patent, Finance, Develop, Manufacture and Market Your Ideas."
Jan A. Rajchman - RCA, Camden and Princeton
Jan A. Rajchman developed the electron multiplier, calculating device, read only memory computing system, magnetic information handling system (core memory), and the electronic microcopies apparatus. He holds 118 patents.
Leo H. Sternbach - Hoffmann-LaRoche Pharmaceutical Company, Nutley
The father of Valium, Leo Sternbach discovered the first commercially feasible synthesis of the vitamin biotin, the synthesis of the antispasmodics Quarzan and Librax used to treat peptic ulcers, and the compound 1,4 benzodiazepine, used to make the anti-anxiety drugs Librium and Valium, the hypnotic drug Dalmane, and the anticonvulsant Klonopin. He holds more than 230 patents.
John Stevens - Hoboken
John Stevens invented the multitube boiler, launched the first steamboat operated by twin screw propellers, developed the first sea-going steamship, initiated regular ferry service from New Jersey to New York, and designed and built the first American steam locomotive. In addition, he proposed a vehicular tunnel under the Hudson River, and the use of an elevated railroad in New York City.
Alfred Vail - Morristown
Alfred Vail bought an interest in Samuel F. B. Morse's telegraph in 1837, and agreed to manufacture a complete set of telegraphic instruments and to finance American and foreign patents. He participated in the first public exhibition of the telegraph in New York City, and before the Franklin Institute and the United State Congress. He invented the horizontal lever motion for the telegraph, devised the dot-dash alphabet, and built the grooved roller and automatic telegraph lever.
Selman Waksman - Rutgers University, New Brunswick
Selman Waksman investigated soil microbiology and the medicinal properties of soil organisms, leading to his discovery of streptomycin, actinomycin, neomycin and candicidin. The streptomycin discovery was especially important because the antibiotic attacks bacteria against which penicillin and previous antibiotics were ineffective. He received the 1952 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine.
Roy Weber - AT&T Bell Laboratories, Holmdel
Roy Weber developed the Intelligent Network Services for AT&T Bell Laboratories. Combined with other advanced technology, such as advanced network signaling and intelligent data bases throughout the world wide telecommunications network, the Intelligent Network Services Architecture enabled the development of flexible customer services such as the 800 number, calling cards, and software defined network arrangements.
Vladimir Zworykin - RCA, Camden and Princeton
Holder of more than 120 patents, Vladimir Zworykin developed the kinescope (Picture tube) and the iconoscope (television camera), which made television a reality. He worked on gunnery controls, electronically-controlled missiles and automobiles, and made important contributions to the development of the electron microscope. He is a member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
INVENTOR OF THE YEAR
Frank Gutleber - United States Army and Department of Defense, Fort Monmouth
Frank Gutleber developed multiplexer noise codes and adaptive multiple interference tracking and canceling antennas, which have been used to improve military communication in jamming environments.
Sheldon Karesh and Dusan Prevorsek - Allied-Signal, Morristown
Sheldon Karesh and Dusan Prevorsek developed the revolutionary high-strength SPECTRA polyethylene fiber. Applications for this fiber include cut-resistant gloves for surgeons, bullet-proof vests, helmets and armor for law enforcement agencies, sports equipment such as kayaks, canoes, bicycles, boats, sails and skis, and artificial tendons, ligaments and joint prostheses.
Leo Harwood - David Sarnoff Center, Princeton
Leo Harwood has made key contributions to the integration of circuits for color television, especially in the application of automatic controls for television signal processing. He developed the automatic Chroma control, selective tint correction, automatic Chroma gain control and controllable gain signal amplified circuits.
Amos Joel, Jr. - AT&T Bell Laboratories, Whippany and
Amos Joel participated in the development of the electronic switching system, which revolutionized the handling of operator-assisted telephone calls and mobile telephony. He holds patents for the traffic services position system and cellular mobile telephone switching systems.
Glenn Johnson, Jr. - Aircast, Inc., Summit
Glenn Johnson developed a series of pneumatic braces that made the functional management of ankle sprains and lower limb fractures practical. In addition, he held patents in the fields of pavement markers, reflective highway traffic signs, and pneumatic timing devices.
Raymond Ketchledge - AT&T Bell Laboratories, Whippany
The late Raymond Ketchledge helped transform telecommunications by contributing to the development and implementation of electronic switching systems. He oversaw the equipment phase of the project to develop the first central office electronic switching system placed into service in Succasunna in 1965. He held more than 60 patents, with 31 directly related to electronic switching systems.
Walter Kosonocky- David Sarnoff Center, Princeton
Now distinguished professor of electrical engineering and holder of the Foundation Chair in Optoelectronics and Solid State Circuits at New Jersey Institute of Technology, Walter Kosonocky has 54 patents representing advancements in semiconductor technology. He developed new concepts for photonic switching devices and far infrared (fir) visible and infrared image sensors.
Mandayam Narasimhan - Allied-Signal, Morristown
Mandayam Narasimhan holds patents for the process, apparatus and strip-product process of planar flow casting, a continuous casting process for the production of rapidly solidified amorphous and microcrystalline metal alloy sheets.
Miguel Ondetti and David Cushman - Squibb Corporation, Lawrenceville
Miguel Ondetti and David Cushman are coinventors of captoril, the first of a new class of drugs known as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, used in the treatment of hypertension.
Deger Tunc's development of totally body absorbable bone fixation devices eliminated the need for a second operation to remove the stainless steel fixation devices previously used. In addition, his devices simulate the properties of bone better than stainless steel, and prevent stress shielding, thus reducing the chances of refracture.
AT&T Bell Laboratories
A premiere source of American inventions, Bell Laboratories has more than 22,000 patents to its credit, an average of more than one each day during the past 63 years. Perhaps the most significant single invention was the transistor, developed at Murray Hill in 1947. Other inventions include the superheterodyne broadcast radio receiver, the rhombic antenna for radio telephony, the horn-reflector antenna used on microwave relay towers, microwave transmission technology, optical fiber transmission systems, molecular beam epitaxy, gas and semiconductor lasers, the UNIX operating system, C language for computer software systems, magnetic bubble technology, charge-coupled devices, the touch tone telephone, and cellular radiotelephony. Seven Bell Labs scientists have been awarded Nobel Prizes, and the company was the first corporate recipient of the President's National Medal of Technology.